The Gustav Sonata ySte repositories Almost no study has been devoted to the risks of doing nothing and letting the crap remain where it is forever The Alleys steer around this red hot issue leaving readers to conjure worst case nightmaresLet s take a side trip to Google The average US reactor is 32ears old
Reactors are licensed for 40 ears When a license is not renewed the reactor must be decommissioned a are licensed for 40 ears When a license is not renewed the reactor must be decommissioned a that often takes 60 A Snail in My Prime: New and Selected Poems years First the reactor is turned off and the fuel rods removed Then wait 50ears This allows the radiation levels in the facility to cool off making it much safer for the remaining work to proceed The buildings and contaminated soils are removed and the site is restored to a harmless fieldFuel rods have a working life of about six The Simian Tongue: The Long Debate about Animal Language years Then the spent fuel which is still highly radioactive is moved to cooling pools where it must remain for at least fiveears Then ideally it is stored in dry casks If the pumps for the cooling pool uit the water boils the pool evaporates and the rods are exposed to air If the uranium pellets in the rods are exposed to air they melt and begin releasing radioactive gasses The meltdowns at Three Mile Island Chernobyl and begin releasing radioactive gasses The meltdowns at Three
Mile Island Chernobyl And Island Chernobyl and triggered by overheated fuel rods Cleanup efforts at Chernobyl are hampered by the Ukraine s wheezing economy Around Chernobyl citizens were permanently evacuated from a Zone of Alienation which is larger than the state of Rhode IslandIn the US the planned geologic repository did not materialize by the promised date and no site has been approved so spent fuel is piling up at reactor sites The Alleys note that some US pools have been loaded with four times rods than they were designed for which increases potential risks Moving the rods to safer dry casks would cost billions of dollarsAre we feeling lucky What will the world look like in 50 America Unchained: A Freewheeling Roadtrip In Search Of Non-Corporate USA years Will effective geologic repositories be built in time Fiftyears from now will we have the oil heavy euipment transportation systems functional governments work crews and wisdom to safely decommission the existing 440 reactors plus the new ones being planned Will all of the reactors safely avoid disasters resulting from earthuakes volcanoes plane crashes warfare euipment failures human errors and sabotageIf we cared about the generations to come and if we were rational what would a sane plan look like Today orbiting spacecraft passing in the night can clearly see the city lights below My grandparents and all of their ancestors were born in homes without electricity They managed to survive without light bulbs TVs cell phones or the internet They were good people who had satisfying lives The lights cannot stay on forever. Waste elsewhere Written in down to earth language by an expert with key involvement in the Yucca Mountain project this is a timely book for public interest groups affected communities policymakers environmentalists and research scientists working in related fields and anyone interested in finding out about this important issu. Highly mobile Some are picked up by plants and animals and are biomagnified as they move up the food chainExperts eventually realized that high level radioactive wastes
were nastier than expected They had to be stored underground in geologic repositories that would remain stable for nastier than expected They had to be stored underground in geologic repositories that would remain stable for million ears Serious research began at an old salt mine in Kansas Then a plutonium plant in Colorado burned and high level waste was shipped to Idaho where cardboard boxes of it were dumped into open trenches The media reported the story and the nation soon realized that nutjobs were In Charge Of Handling charge of handling toxic dreck This detonated high level fear Kansas promptly nuked the proposed repositoryThe next hot prospect was Yucca Mountain on the edge of the Nevada Test Site The government invested 10 billion on 25 ears of research The objective was to prove that the site would be safe for a million A Ship Must Die years No place on Earth would be a perfect site Dr Alley believed that Yucca Mountain was close enough to ideal He spentears on the project working for the US Geological SurveyThe core problem was that there were no politically suitable sites in the entire US because every state would fiercely oppose a repository within their borders The public had a reasonable fear of high level waste They also had a reasonable lack of trust in anything the government told them after ears of lies and deceptions Nevada was no exception The government s nuclear testing had already turned much of the state into a radioactive wastelandObama was elected in 2008 Steven Chu was his Secretary of Energy In March 2009 Chu announced Yucca Mountain was not an option He presented no explanations or alternatives Why did Chu kill the project Virtually all observers attributed the decision to pull the plug on Yucca Mountain as political payoff to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid a Democrat from Nevada Nevada was a swing state in the election and Obama had pledged to kill Yucca Mountain if elected So today there are some 440 nuclear power plants in 31 countries More are on the way Yet no country on Earth has an operating high level waste disposal facility As of 2012 American taxpayers were responsible for storing a growing collection of high level waste 70000 tons of spent fuel and 20000 canisters of military waste It s being stored at 121 sites in 39 states In 15 other nations 60 nuclear reactors are being builtIndustrial civilization is doing a fabulous job of trashing the planet s atmosphere forests soils oceans auifers and biodiversity This is simply business as usual and most of humankind is staring at their cell phones The future doesn t matter with the exception of nuclear wa. Ties surrounding disposal of nuclear waste in the US with reference also to other countries around the world The book tells the full history from the beginnings after World War II up to today bringing to life the pioneering science the political wrangling and media drama and the not in my backyard communities fighting to put.
free read é eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ William M. AlleyModern society provides a long menu of predicaments to inspire our nightmares For a number of ears climate change has been hogging the spotlight It s time to have nightmares about radiation Folks think that if we simply uit building new reactors the nuclear boo boo will go away and we can forget about it wrong William and Rosemarie Alley have shed much light on the subject with their book Too Hot to Touch It reveals a deeply embarrassing chapter that has been omitted from the glorious epic of technology and progressNuclear weapons were invented during World War II Nagasaki and Hiroshima were turned into ashtrays but the enormous unintended conseuences of half baked genius turned into ashtrays but the enormous unintended conseuences of half baked genius dwarfed the destruction of two cities We continue to create stuff that will remain extremely toxic for millions of ears and none of it is stored in secure permanent facilities where it will cause no harmThe war was followed by an arms race A hundred new bombs were detonated at the Nevada Test Range between 1951 and 1962 Nuke tests became a tourist attraction Families sat in folding chairs at open air spectator sites to see the amazing mushroom clouds at open air spectator sites to see the amazing mushroom clouds few minutes after the blast they were sprinkled with fine dust Several decades later the region became the thyroid cancer capital of the world Lunatics became giddy with nuclear mania Some wanted to blast a new canal across Panama Others dreamed of a coast to coast waterway across the US Others wanted to nuke Gibraltar and turn the Mediterranean into a freshwater sea In the Soviet Union 120 bombs were used for earthmoving projectsIn 1954 construction began on the first US nuclear power reactor at Shippingport Pennsylvania At that time nuclear waste was not seen to be especially dangerous Robert Oppenheimer
at the Atomic Energy Commission referred to the issue of radioactive wastethe Atomic Energy Commission referred to the issue of radioactive waste unimportant Experts were possessed by a stupefying blind faith in scientific magic there is a brilliant solution for everythingThey contemplated a variety of schemes for making high level waste disappear Some recommended shooting it into space or burying it in sea floor clay beds The Soviets disposed it via deep well injection in a liuid form that may not sit still for millions of ears The US UK France and the USSR have dumped a lot of waste in the oceans The Irish have caught contaminated lobsters and fishThere are a number of radioactive elements and isotopes All of them are unstable and become less dangerous over time degrading at varying rates of speed Most forms of uranium are mildly radioactive The atoms that are heavier than natural uranium are manmade and some remain dangerous for millions of ears Some are water soluble and. Today the issue of waste management is as prominent as reactor safety in the controversies surrounding nuclear power and is particularly topical in the US since the 2010 closure of the Yucca Mountain repository project William and Rosemarie Alley provide an engaging and authoritative account of the controversies and possibili. .